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Sacred 'Aashoorwaa minal Mu'harrwaam

Mu’harrwaam is the first month of the Arabic calendar. Mu’harrwaam is one of those four special months which have been declared as month of honour. From the beginning of creation, this month has been specially regarded. The 10th day of the month of Mu'harrwaam, is called 'Day of 'Aashoorwaa.
This day is the day of honour and remembrance for the whole universe or for all creations. The creation started on this day and would end up on this very day. Some special creations were done on this day and some significant incidents also occurred on this day. Starting from the Akhiri Rasul, Habibullah, Huzur-i-Pak Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam up to the first Nabi Hazrat Aadam ‘Alaihis Salam, every Nabi and Rasul ‘Alaihimus Salam had some significant happenings on this day. Naturally, this day is a day of great celebration and a day of achieving Allah’s blessings, mercy, sakina and salvation.


   

Importance

Irshad has been made in Hadis Shareef that, A’khiri Rasul, Habibullah Huzur-i-Pak Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam said that, “Honour the month of Mu’harrwaam and the 10th instant that is the ‘Day of ‘Aashoorwaa’. One who shall honour the month of Mu’harrwaam and the 'Day of ‘Aashoorwaa' (10th Mu’harrwaam), Allah shall dignify him by rewarding Jannat (Heaven) to him and save him from Jahannam (Hell).
There is a story in this regard of a gentleman who was poor and an ‘Aalim (Wise). At some stage of his day to day life, he was sick and could not go to work for three days. The fourth day was the day of ‘Aashoorwaa and he knew about the significance of having good food on this day. Then it was the age of the Quazi (Judge) and the Quazi responsible for his area was a rich man. The man approached the Quazi, explaining the significance of the 'Day of ‘Aashoorwaa'. On the plea of his illness and starving condition of his family, he asked the Quazi for some ten kilograms of flour, ten kilograms of meat and two dirhams to be given to him as Hadia or loan. The Quazi asked him to come later during Zohr time (afternoon). At the time of Zohr, Quazi asked him to come during Asr (late afternoon). But then at Asr, Quazi asked the man to come during Maghrib (evening) and at Maghrib, to come during ‘Ishaa (late evening). Lastly during ‘Ishaa, Quazi finally refused the man to give anything. The poor ‘Aalim reacted, “O Honourable Quazi! If you did not wish to make it for me, you could have told me in the beginning. I would look for some other arrangements. Now that the whole day is gone and you are refusing me at this time!” The Quazi did not pay any heed to it and closed his doors.
The man went back sobbing. On his way, there was the residence of a Christian man who was surprised to see an old man crying. He tried to inquire into the matter. But being a non-Muslim, he was not initially confided upon. However, on his insistence the man narrated his story of refusal from the Quazi and expressed his concern about the 'Day of ‘Aashoorwaa'. The Christian man was moved and provided him the food stuff and the two dirhams that the man required. He further paid him an additional twenty dirhams and promised that in honour of the 'Day of ‘Aashoorwaa', he would pay him equal amount of money every month. The poor ‘Aalim took the stuff, went home and treated his family with those in full satisfaction. Then he prayed, “O Allah! One who brought peace and smiles for me and my family members, please make him happy too.”
The Quazi dreamt that night that he was being told, “O Quazi! Rise up and look.” Quazi rose and saw two castles in Jannat. One is of gold and the other is of silver. Quazi questioned, “O Allah! What is this? There was a ‘gayewi’ sound (sound from unseen sources), “These two castles belonged to you but are no more yours. Because, that poor ‘Aalim came to you for help on the occasion of the 'Day of ‘Aashoorwaa'. You did not help. So the two castles have now gone to the possession of a Christian man.” With this the Quazi woke up from sleep. Having necessary ablution etc. offered his Swalat and started for the home of that Christian man. The Christian man was thoroughly surprised to see the Quazi at his place. Since his birth, he had never seen the Quazi visiting him as a next door neighbour.
He asked the Quazi about his reason for such visit at this early hours of the day. Quazi replied, “O Man! Did you do some especially virtuous job last night?” The man replied, “I hardly remember, I have done anything of that sort. But well, if you are aware, you could please tell me.” Then the Quazi continued, “Last evening you paid some flour, meat and some money to one poor ‘Aalim and further promised him to pay a monthly remuneration on the occasion of the ‘Day of ‘Aashoorwaa, right?” The man replied in affirmative. Then the Quazi proposed, “Why don’t you sell that good deed of yours to me in exchange of 100 thousand dirhams. I shall also pay that man the monthly remuneration you promised him.” The Christian man felt curious, “Your Honour! Would you please tell me what leads you to pay me that large sum of money in exchange of that small job.” In reply, the Quazi narrated his dreams of last night. “That poor ‘Aalim asked for that help from me on the occasion of the ‘Day of ‘Aashoorwaa, but I refused to do that. Therefore, last night in my dreams, I was shown two heavenly castles of gold and silver and was told that those were mine but now they no more belonged to me. Those have gone to the possession of one Christian man.” The Quazi continues, “If you are not a Muslim, you won’t get those. Because after the advent of Islam, all previous religions and other proclamations have been void. Therefore, those clinging to the old religions shall not get that.” “What if I convert to Islam and become a Muslim, shall I get it?” The reply was, “Yes, in that case, it is possible.” Then the Christian man remarked, “Your honour! You be the witness, I am reciting the Kalema Sharif right now and becoming a Muslim just before you. (SubhanAllah!). Now we need to think deeply about this instance of honouring the ‘Day of ‘Aashoorwaa, leading to the conversion of that Christian man including an ultimate achievement of Jannat.
If someone offers Iftar (breaking of saom) to somebody performing saom on this day, it will be treated like offering Iftar to the whole of the Ummah. It is stated in Hadis Sharif that Akhiri Rasul Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam declared that, “If someone uses ismid shurma (shurma mixed with fragrance of musk) in his eyes on the ‘Day of ‘Aashoorwaa, he shall have no eye-ailment for next one year.” (Maqasid-e-Hasanah, Shua’bul Iman, Dailami Sharif, Masabata bis-Sunnah).
It has been stated in Hadis Sharif that Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam declares that, “If one takes a shower or a bath on this day, Allah Bari Ta’ala shall cure him from illness. Except death, he shall have no difficult diseases and be free from laziness and sufferings.
It is also stated in the Hadis Sharif that Huzur-i-Pak Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam declares that, “If on this day, a Muslim touches the head of an orphan, feed a hungry man and offer water to a thirsty person, then Allah Pak shall entertain him with food on the heavenly ‘Dostorkhan (tablemat) of Jannat and provide him with drinks from the stream called ‘Salsabil’.
It has been described in the book named ‘M’umin-ke-Mah wasal’ that “If one would feed a poor member of Ahle Bait on this day, he shall cross the pulsirat with the speed of light.

Amol

Hadis Shareef narrates about some practices (‘Aamal) on the occasion of this day – (1) Perform ‘Saom’ for two days; either on the 9th and 10th or on the 10th and 11th of Mu’harrwaam. Saom only on the 10th day is Makruh. If possible, offering Iftar to one or more persons performing saom on this day. (2) Offering good food to family members as per one’s ability. (3) Have a shower or a bath. (4) Using ‘Shurma’ (Ismid Shurma – Shurma mixed with Meshk-e-Ambar) in the eyes. (5) Feeding the poor. (6) Affectionate touch on the heads of orphans. All of these are ‘Sunnati’ practices and are reasons for rewards of Jannat.
Hadis Sharif has it that, on being asked about the fazilat (rewards) of having saom during ‘Aashoorwaa, Huzur-i-Pak Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam remarked that, “This is like a ‘kaffara’ (payment) for past sins. (Muslim Sharif). Further Irshad is made in Hadis Sharif that, Huzur-i-Pak Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam further added that, “If someone would offer good food to his family members on the 'Day of ‘Aashoorwaa', Allah shall bestow upon him a solvency for next one year.” (Twabarani Sharif)
These days people in many countries including Bangladesh arrange better meals on the occasion of new year’s day i.e., 1st Mu’harrwaam (Hizri), 1st Baishakh (Bangla), 1st January (English) which has no significance for the Muslims from religious point of view. Rather those fire worshippers do celebrate it exclusively and along with them do the Hindus and Buddhists. Celebrating the New Year’s Day is exclusively a non-Muslim ritual. So, it is na-zayij (not allowed). It has been described that a highly respectable Wali Allah named Hazrat Imam Abu Hafs Kabir Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi remarked, “Spending even an egg on the occasion of a New Year’s Day, would nullify one’s ‘aamal of his whole life.”

Audio

Waj Shareef

     Waj Shareef 1
     Waj Shareef 2

Qasida Shareef

     Qasida Sharee 1
     Qasida Sharee 2